Boko Haram, loosely translated to English means “Western education is forbidden”. They are an Islamic jihadist terrorist organization that operates mainly in Northern Nigeria but can also be found in parts of Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. The group was founded in 2002 by Mohammed Yusef. Its official name is the Congregation of the People of Tradition for Proselytism and Jihad. Like many extremists Islamic groups, Boko Haram’s mission is to stop Western influence from spreading around the region they occupy and establish an Islamic state ruled by Sharia law. Boko Haram became violent in 2009 when members of the organization began arming themselves and clashed with Nigerian security forces. As a result of these clashes, Mohammed Yusef was killed. The current leader, Abubakar Shekau, took over after his death. Violent skirmishes between the two groups still continue today. Boko Haram is known for organizing prison breaks and bombings/suicide bombings of churches and schools. They have also been known to commit mass shootings resulting in civilian massacres.
On March 29, 2014, at the African Union Conference of Ministers of Economy and Finance, the president of Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan, claimed that Boko Haram is being funded by forces outside of Nigeria. He stated that “whenever we mention security, I always wonder that sometimes when you look at the characters that carry these weapons in the turbulent areas including the northern part of the country, you see a young person carrying (an) AK-47 that costs approximately more than 1,000 dollars, but the total things he wears is not up to 50 dollars. So where is the money coming from that they are buying such expensive weapons? These poor boys carry these weapons to kill, destabilize our societies and increase our problems in terms of economic development of the continent. There are some external forces that don’t want Africa to grow, that are providing these weapons”.
Boko Haram financed by forces outside Nigeria – Jonathan — http://sunnewsonline.com/new/?p=57993
Earlier this week, Boko Haram attacked Nigerian army barracks in order to free Islamic prisoners accused of militant activity.